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Translate

Manage and automate the translation of content fields

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Strapi-Translate

Strapi v4 - Translate plugin

Manage and automate the translation of content fields.

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plugin showcase

📭 Requirements

This plugin requires the following, in order to work correctly:

  • Strapi v4 (this plugin is not compatible with v3)
    • Plugin tested for v4.6 to v4.9
  • The plugin i18n installed and enabled (@strapi/plugin-i18n [npm])
  • The content type to have internationalization enabled (advanced settings in the content type builder)
  • In the internationalization settings at least two locales
  • A translation provider that executes the actual translation (see Configuration)

Unless you have the previous set up, the field on the right where you can translate will not show up. Also it will not show up when editing the currently only available translation of an entry.

⏳ Installation

# with npm
$ npm install strapi-plugin-translate
# or with yarn
$ yarn add strapi-plugin-translate

After successful installation you have to build a fresh package that includes plugin UI:

# with npm
$ npm run build && npm run develop
# or with yarn
$ yarn build && yarn develop

⚙ Configuration

Overall plugin configuration

The overall plugin configuration is done through config[/env]/plugins.js or environment variables

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module.exports = {
  // ...
  translate: {
    enabled: true,
    config: {
      // Add the name of your provider here (for example 'deepl' for strapi-provider-translate-deepl or the full package name)
      provider: '[name]',
      providerOptions: {
        // Your provider might define some custom options like an apiKey
      },
      // Which field types are translated (default string, text, richtext, components and dynamiczones)
      // Either string or object with type and format
      // Possible formats: plain, markdown, html (default plain)
      translatedFieldTypes: [
        'string',
        { type: 'text', format: 'plain' },
        { type: 'richtext', format: 'markdown' },
        'component',
        'dynamiczone',
      ],
      // If relations should be translated (default true)
      translateRelations: true,
    },
  },
  // ...
}

Available providers

Configure translation of individual fields/attributes

There are two options to configure translation of individual fields. Both are configured either in the Content-Type Builder in the admin interface in development mode, or in the pluginOptions property in the schema file.

Disable localization completely

This is part of the i18n-plugin and available in all field types except relation, uid under the name Enable localization for this field.

Set this value to false, and the field will not be translated. However it will be copied and have the same value for all localizations.

Configure behavior of automated translation

For the field types component, dynamiczone, media, relation, richtext, string, text, you can additionally configure the behavior when translating automatically under the name Configure automated translation for this field?. There are three options:

  • translate: The field is automatically translated using the provider
  • copy: The original value of the source localization is copied
  • delete: The field is let empty after translation

Relations are again little bit different. The translate option works as described below, the copy option only works when the related content type is not localized and is one way or if bothWays is either manyToOne or manyToMany

If you have other fields (e.g. custom fields) for which you want to configure the translation, this cannot be done through the Content-Type Builder, but only in the schema file:

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{
  //...
  "attributes": {
    //...
    "customField": {
      "type": "customField",
      "pluginOptions": {
        "translate": {
          "translate": "copy"
        },
        "i18n": {
          "localized": true
        }
      }
    }
    //...
  }
  //...
}

🚀 Features

This plugin allows you to automatically translate content types. This can be done either on a single entity, or for all entities of a content type.

The following features are included:

  • Fill in and translate any locale from another already defined locale
  • Translation is restricted by permissions to avoid misuse of api quota
  • Configure which field types are translated in the plugin configuration
  • Fields that are marked as not localized in the content-type settings will not be translated
  • Components and Dynamic zones are translated recursively
  • Relations are translated (if enabled in the configuration) if possible

Translate a single entity

  • Open the entity that you want to translate
  • Select a different (possibly unconfigured) locale in the Internationalization section on the right sidebar
  • Click the link for Translate from another locale in the Translate section on the right sidebar
  • Select the desired source to translate from
  • Press the confirmation button

Translate all entities of a content type

Batch translation showcase

  • Open the Translate plugin section in the left menu
  • You now see an overview of all localized content types
  • For each language and each content type you have 4 actions: translate, cancel, pause and resume. Most actions are disabled, since no job is running.
  • Press the translate button, select the source locale and if already published entries should be published as well (Auto-Publish option)
  • Start the translation.

Additional remarks:

  • If a batch translation is running and the server is stopped, the translation will be resumed on a restart
  • If entities are added after the starting the translation, they will not be translated
  • UIDs are automatically translated in batch translation mode, since otherwise the entities could not be created/published
  • If an error occurs, this will be shown in the logs or the message can be accessed by hovering over the Job failed badge

Schema for translating relations

The related objects are not translated directly, only the relation itself is translated

the related content type is localized

  • if a localization of the relation with the targetLocale exists -> it is used
  • else the relation is removed

the related content type is not localized

  • the relation goes both ways and would be removed from another object or localization if it was used (the case with oneToOne or oneToMany) -> it is removed
  • otherwise the relation is kept

🔐 Permissions

Since RBAC was moved to the community edition in Strapi v4.8.0, permissions for endpoints of direct translation, batch translation and api usage can now be granted to other roles than super admins:

Permissions for Translate plugin

🧑‍💻 Creating your own translation provider

A translation provider should have the following:

  • be a npm package that starts with strapi-provider-translate and then your provider name (for example google)
  • a main file declared in the package.json, that exports a provider object:
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module.exports = {
  provider: 'google',
  name: 'Google',
  /**
   * @param {object} providerOptions all config values in the providerOptions property
   * @param {object} pluginOptions all config values from the plugin
   */
  init(providerOptions = {}, pluginConfig = {}) {
    // Do some setup here

    return {
      /**
       * @param {{
       *  text:string|string[],
       *  sourceLocale: string,
       *  targetLocale: string,
       *  priority: number,
       *  format?: 'plain'|'markdown'|'html'
       * }} options all translate options
       * @returns {string[]} the input text(s) translated
       */
      async translate(options) {
        // Implement translation
      },
      /**
       * @returns {{count: number, limit: number}} count for the number of characters used, limit for how many can be used in the current period
       */
      async usage() {
        // Implement usage
      },
    }
  },
}

If your provider has some limits on how many texts or how many bytes can be submitted at once, you can use the chunks service to split it:

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const { chunks, reduceFunction } = strapi
  .service('plugin::translate.chunks')
  .split(textArray, {
    // max length of arrays
    maxLength: 100,
    // maximum byte size the request should have, if a single text is larger it is split on new lines
    maxByteSize: 1024 * 1000 * 1000,
  })
// The reduceFunction combines the split text array and possibly split texts back together in the right order
return reduceFunction(
  await Promise.all(
    chunks.map(async (texts) => {
      // Execute the translation here
      return providerClient.translateTexts(texts)
    })
  )
)

The translate function receives the format of the text as plain, markdown or html. If your translation provider supports only html, but no markdown, you can use the format service to change the format before translating to html and afterwards back to markdown:

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const { markdownToHtml, htmlToMarkdown } = strapi.service(
  'plugin::translate.format'
)

if (format === 'markdown') {
  return htmlToMarkdown(providerClient.translateTexts(markdownToHtml(text)))
}
return providerClient.translateTexts(texts)

⚠ Limitations:

  • The translation of Markdown and HTML may vary between different providers
  • Relations that do not have a translation of the desired locale will not be translated. To keep the relation you will need to translate both in succession (Behaviour for multi-relations has not yet been analyzed)

Install now

npm install strapi-plugin-translate

STATS

39 GitHub stars1575 weekly downloads

Last updated

190 days ago

Strapi Version

4.1.4 and above

Author

github profile image for Felix Haase
Felix Haase

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